A lubricant (colloquially, lube) is typically a liquid substance introduced between two moving surfaces to reduce the friction and wear between them. Worldwide, more than 55 million tonnes of lubricants are consumed annually. Moreover, Automotive engine lubricants comprise approximately 50% and hydraulic fluids with transmission oils 30% of lubricants volume-wise.
Typically lubricants contain some 90% base oil (most often petroleum fractions, called mineral oils) and less than 10% additives. Vegetable oils or synthetic liquids are sometimes used as base oils. Additives deliver reduced friction and wear, increased viscosity, resistance to corrosion and aging, etc. Sodium and lithium based additives are used in automotive greases to stabilise the grease against high temperatures. This is particularly important in the grease used to pack wheel bearings, and especially those used with disc braking systems.
Non-liquid lubricants include grease, powders (dry graphite, PTFE, Molybdenum disulfide, etc.), Teflon tape used in plumbing, air cushion and others.
At GENERAL PETROLEUM, we offer a wide and comprehensive range of lubricants and greases, which are formulated in Germany and are of the highest standards and latest techniques.
As a leader in Petroleum and Lubrication technology, GENERAL PETROLEUM pledges to undertake continued search for new dimensions in product development to meet the needs of an ever-changing global marketplace. Through years of research & development as well as field testing, we have developed very high quality products that are on the cutting edge of lubricant technology. We have proven that with the use of selected petroleum base oils and high performance additive technology, we are able to produce products that perform extremely well and are cost effective to use.